Terabit scale networking requires better Consensus.
Autonomous Networks and Autonomic Networking can be renamed as solving Consensus Dynamics.
Wikipedia States (Nov’ 2018):
“Consensus dynamics or agreement dynamics is an area of research lying at the intersection of systems theory and graph theory. A major topic of investigation is the agreement or consensus problem in multi-agent systems that concerns processes by which a collection of interacting agents achieve a common goal. ”
To note again it is an ‘intersection of systems theory and graph theory’.
Lets not forget that mathematically communications networks are Graphs. An OSPF/ISIS network is a weighted directed graph where the costs & metrics are the weights, the network devices are vertices and the ethernet L2 links are directed edges.
Furthermore, to note again that ‘ a collection of interacting agents achieve a common goal’. In networks the common goal can be to enable end to end, host to host connectivity over a vast network. TCP and UDP.
Interesting times ahead for Terabit scale networks. Keeps the fun alive in network engineering.
Click to access EncyclopAI07.final.pdf
Simple NAPALM Use – A Python based abstraction layer multivendor support capable. Part of screen scraping solution.
Ansible ConfigMgmt / Jinja2 Templates – Part of a CLI automation system solution which can be called sophisticated screen scraping. via SSH. No on-device agent or service.
Salt / NAPALM Logs – Event driven network automation. This is also a CLI automation solution and can be part of screen scraping from network device perspective. Event driven by NAPALM logs.
Netconf or Restconf with YANG – Connectivity is via Netconf/Restconf (JSON/XML) while configuration is via YANG data modeling available on device (which is a service on device). Not screen scraping or CLI automation as YANG is a data modeling language providing service and can be used to extract and push state at device.
SDN based Cisco ACI like: Northbound Rest API on APIC controller and Southbound OpFlex with an OpFlex agent on device. On device Policy Element abstraction service.
Good reference links for exploring of the above:
Ansible + Jinja2 Option:
Salt + NAPALM Abstraction Option:
Click to access 17-RIPE76_-Event-driven-network-automation-and-orchestration.pdf
Links for Restconf + YANG Option:
Links for SDN Style Cisco ACI – Like: